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Sabtu, 22 Mei 2010

Ants are insects that come from a family eusosial Formisidae, and ants are included in the order Himenoptera along with bees and wasps. Ants are divided into more than 12,000 groups, with a large number of comparisons in the tropics. Ants are known to nest-nest colonies and orderly, which sometimes consist of thousands of ants per colony. Types of ants are divided into worker ants, ant males, and the queen ant. One colony may retain and use a large area to support their activities. Ant colonies are sometimes called superorganisme because the colony appears to operate as a unity.

Ant's body, like other insects, have exoskeleton or external skeleton that provides protection and also as a place of attachment of muscles, unlike the human skeleton and vertebrate animals. Insects have no lungs, but they have breathing holes called spiracles in the chest for air circulation in the nervous system. System ant respiration consists of a ventral nerve kind of muscle that lie along the body, with some fruit and branches of the ganglion associated with each part in the body.

Ant in the chest, there are three pairs of legs, and at the end of each leg there is a kind of small claws that helped her climb up and stand on the surface. Most male and female candidates ant queens have wings. However, after mating the female will shed their wings and become a queen ant which is not winged. Worker and soldier ants have no wings.

At the metasoma (abdomen) there are many organs in the ants are important, including the reproductive organs. Some species of ants also have a sting that is connected with some kind of poison glands to paralyze their prey and protect the nest. Yessensis Formica ant species such as acid-producing glands of ants can be sprayed in the direction of the enemy to the defense.

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